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Windows 10部署简介

Windows Server 张超 8个月前 (05-27) 1157次浏览 0个评论 扫描二维码

今天跟大家分享下Windows 10升级部署的一些知识点,大家有什么疑问找个时间一起聊聊。

大家都知道,客户端操作系统 Windows 7 将于 2020 年 1 月份正式停止支持,也就是到 2020 年 Windows 7 就会像 WindowsXP 一样变成没人管的系统,Microsofr 再也不会进行补丁发布,不在进行任何更新操作。而微软内部 Windows 研发事业部的同事表示Windows 10可能是微软发布的最后一批号系统,微软将不在发布 Windows 11、Windows 12,以后的 Windows 系统将每隔 3-6 个月进行大补丁更新,并用内部版本号表示,例如Windows 10 1507、Windows 10 1703、Windows 10 1709 等等。

Windows 10是微软号称目前最安全的Windows 10系统,自身配备了杀毒软件、病毒查杀隔离等软件,在发布的这 2 年多的时间内,微软与许多企业一起讨论过Windows 10,并且很多客户与终端用户给出了很多好的建议,微软也采取了很多好的建议,进行了很多好的功能的更新操作,并且微软号称将在 2018 年上半年大力推进Windows 10的市场占有率,也就是说在 18 年中旬或下半年很有可能会有大批量客户要进行Windows 10升级部署。所以今天简单跟各位介绍下Windows 10批量部署的知识点。

Windows 10的升级部署主要有 3 种解决方案,1、就地升级 2、全新部署   3、使用 AutoPilot 部署。

Windows 10 部署简介

Windows 部署大致需要经历如下几个阶段:

 

Windows 10 部署简介

Windows 10 部署简介

 

Windows 10系统部署要求:

 

处理器:1 GHz 或更快(支持 PAE、NX 和 SSE2)

RAM:1 GB(32 位)或 2 GB(64 位)

硬盘空间:16 GB(32 位)或 20 GB(64 位)

图形卡:带有 WDDM 驱动程序的 Microsoft DirectX 9 图形设备或以上版本,Windows 10桌面版支持最小的分辨率为  (1024 x 768)

 

Windows 10批量部署检查也有对于的工具,可以在http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb977556.aspx网站上下载到。分享截图如下:

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=822966&clcid=0x409

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/WindowsForBusiness/upgrade-analytics

Windows 10 部署简介      Windows 10 部署简介       Windows 10 部署简介

 

 

就地升级:

微软强烈推荐的方式,可以在最快的时间完成Windows 10升级操作,并且不需要从新安装所需的软件,原来 Windows 7 上的软件、驱动、C 盘非系统文件将被保留。不建议在 Windows XP 上进行就地升级操作,版本扩大过大,可能会出现不知道的问题。就地升级通过点击未编译过的原版镜像内 Setup.exe 文件便可以进行就地升级升级操作,也可以使用 SCCM 与 MDT、WDS 等工具进行批量就地升级操作(需要注意Windows 10的版本,SCCM 低版本不支持Windows 10),详见如下介绍:

 

针对就地升级微软发布了一张比较搞笑的图片,(就地升级过程中仅提供蛋黄,不动蛋清):

 

Windows 10 部署简介

 

就地升级的 4 个过程组:

 

Windows 10 部署简介

 

SCCM 部署Windows 10介绍:

 

Supported operating systems for clients anddevices for System Center Configuration Manager

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sccm/core/plan-design/configs/supported-operating-systems-for-clients-and-devices

Windows 10:Pro, Enterprise
See Supportfor versions of Windows 10 for details about the different releaseversions of Windows 10 that are supported by the different versions ofConfiguration Manager.

 

Support for Windows 10 as a client ofSystem Center Configuration Manager

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sccm/core/plan-design/configs/support-for-windows-10

 

Windows 10 部署简介

 

 

System Center Configuration Manager:Support for Windows 10 and Microsoft Intune

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/enterprisemobility/2015/10/27/system-center-configuration-manager-support-for-windows-10-and-microsoft-intune/

 

 

In Summary: Planning and Guidance

Product Version Release Timing Windows Servicing Support
System Center Configuration Manager By end of 2015 for initial release ·          Windows 10 Current Branch,  Current Branch for Business, and Long Term Servicing Branch
System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP2 CU1
AND System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager SP1 CU1
May 2015, with cumulative updates as needed ·          Windows 10 LTSB 2015,

·          Windows 10 CB/CBB through February 2016*

*ConfigMgr 2012 supportsWindows 10 version 1507 (build 10.0.10240) and 1511 (build 10.0.10586) for thelifecycle of these builds. Any new Windows 10 CB/CBB builds released in thefuture will not be supported With ConfigMgr 2012 and will require System CenterConfiguration Manager current branch for supported management.

If you want to deploy Windows 10 in your environment today, youshould have already upgraded ConfigMgr 2012 to the latest service pack andcumulative update as many of our customers already have.

If you are deploying Windows 10 Current Branch, then you alsoneed a plan to upgrade to System Center Configuration Manager. Once yourenvironment is upgraded to System Center Configuration Manager, then you willbe ready to start managing future builds of Windows 10 Current Branch as they arereleased.

If you don’t think you’ll be able to upgrade your environment toSystem Center Configuration Manager in the next several months, then you’llneed to deploy Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB 2015 with ConfigMgr 2012 to remain ina supported configuration going forward. Subsequent releases of the Windows 10Current Branch in 2016 and beyond will not be supported with ConfigMgr 2012.

 

 

 

Upgrade to System Center ConfigurationManager

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sccm/core/servers/deploy/install/upgrade-to-configuration-manager

 

In-place upgrade paths

Upgrade to version 1606
On December 15th, 2016, the baseline media for version 1606 was rereleased toadd support for additional upgrade scenarios. This new release supports theupgrade of the following to a fully licensed version of System CenterConfiguration Manager version 1606:4

·        An evaluation install ofSystem Center Configuration Manager version 1606

·        A release candidate install ofSystem Center Configuration Manager

·        System Center 2012Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1

·        System Center 2012Configuration Manager with Service Pack 2

·        System Center 2012 R2Configuration Manager

·        System Center 2012 R2Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1

If you use version 1606 baseline media downloaded prior toDecember 15th, 2016, you can upgrade only the following to a fully licensed versionof System Center Configuration Manager version 1606:

·        An evaluation install ofSystem Center Configuration Manager version 1606

·        System Center 2012Configuration Manager with Service Pack 2

·        System Center 2012 R2Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1

4

Upgrade to version 1511
When you have version 1511 baseline media, you can upgrade the following to afully licensed version of System Center Configuration Manager version 1511:

·        An evaluation install ofSystem Center Configuration Manager version 1511

·        A release candidate install ofSystem Center Configuration Manager

·        System Center 2012Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1

·        System Center 2012Configuration Manager with Service Pack 2

·        System Center 2012 R2Configuration Manager

·        System Center 2012 R2Configuration Manager with Service Pack 1

 

全新部署(擦出重装):

 

全新部署的场景一般用于 Windows XP、全新购置的 PC、不支持就地升级的一些场景,跟就地升级相比,全新部署更浪费时间与成本,所有软件、驱动等都需要重新安装,并且需要一步步进行相关配置。全新部署的就不过多的介绍了,相信大家都知道该如何玩。

 

 

使用 AutoPilot 部署:

 

AutoPilot 是微软新推出的一款基于云的简化 Windows 10 部署配置的一款工具,还需要借助类似 SCCM、WDS 等工具进行系统部署,然后使用该工具进行统一化配置(需要将 Windows 10 设备加入 AAD 中)详细介绍如下:

 

https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/windows/deployment/windows-10-auto-pilot

https://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-cn/partner-center/autopilot


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